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BOTANICAL NAME: Aloe barbadensis Miller

FAMILY – Liliaceae

THE ALOEVERA Broadly known as


Miracle Plant

Wonder Plant

Medicinal Aloe

Ornamental Plant

Aloe Vulgaris

Aloevera is a plant of great potential and value in the field of therapeutics, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic industries.The colour and odour of each variety is its characteristic and the taste bitter and nauseous. Aloevera Barbadensis refers to the Barbados island. Aloevera used in indigenous (Ayurvedic) and Unani systems of medicine and in cosmetics, shampoos and creams.

The major market of Aloe vera and its extracts are in India, Australia, USA ,Japan and Europe. The demand for Aloe vera is increasing and with scientific studies supporting the medicinal benefits of Aloe vera.It is profitable to cultivate the Aloevera & has the potential to become the future of agro-industrial crop.

CONTENTS IN ALOEVERA:-

Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12,Folic Acid, Niacine

Vitamins: A, B1, B2 B3, B6, B12

Contributes to well – being & health

Supplies body with energy

Strengthens the immune system

Minerals : Calcium, Iron, Potassium

Indispensable for the human metabolism

Building of blood, needed for growth of bones and teeth

Amino Acids: Lysine, Threonin, Valine etc

“Building Blocks" of the body

Repair tissues / carry oxygen throughout the body

They form antibodies to combat invading bacteria & viruses

Enzymes: Oxidase, Catalase etc

Regulate intestinal activity.

Assist in the breaking up of food elements

USES OF ALOEVERA

In India Aloe, Vera has been referring to as "kumari’ in Ayurvedic treatments where it is useful in the treatment of burns, blood disorders, chronic constipation, skin diseases, and as eye drops for relief in sore eyes and redness as well as bleeding and healing of wounds, etc. It plays an important role in gerontology and rejuvenation.Aloe Vera is full of medicinal properties & it is effective in treating various body ailments

•Medical and Cosmetic Benefits

•Used in number of lotions, creams, gels and shampoos.

•As diet supplement or directly.

•Control the stomach acids and maintain balance in the stomach.

•Improve immune system.

•Stimulates tissues.

Helpful for diabetes

•Absorb nutrients and neutralizing toxic and bad elements.

Monday, 19 September 2011

CULTIVATION

ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION
Plants of the genus Aloe belong to the old world and are indigenous to Eastern and Southern Africa, the Canary Islands and Spain. The species spread to the Mediterranean basin and reached the West Indies, India, China and other countries .It is also cultivated throughout India.

BOTANICAL TRAIT

Aloe Vera is a semi tropical plant. Aloevera's thick, tapered, spiny leaves grow from a short stalk near ground level. 

SPECIES

There are overall 250 species of Aloe grown around the world. However, only a few species are grown commercially with Aloe barbadensis Miller.

CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT

Aloe Vera is tolerant to adverse conditions such as drought, hot and dry as well as humid weather. It has a good adaptability and can grow in warm, humid or dry climate with even 35-40 cm of rainfall per annum. In India, the crop can be grown in any season. In general, hot and dry weather is favorable to the crop.

UNIQUENESS  

It contains more than two hundred Ionic ingredients including essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins, enzymes and steroids & most of the essential components required by human body.

SOIL

Aloe Vera can be grown on a variety of soils. It however does well on light well drained-coarse sandy loam to rich loamy soils .It is considered one of the most suitable crops for marginal lands particularly coarse sandy, un-irrigated, sloppy and stony soils.The plant can be cultivated in dry climatic conditions and in poor soils without much care.

PREPARATION OF LAND

The soil need not to be ploughed very deep. Since Aloe Vera is a perennial plant, field should be free from annual / perennial weeds and shrubs, which can be done with 2 or 3 deep ploughings, preferably during summer months. At the time of planting the field should be ploughed, harrowed and brought to the required tilth.

PLANTING TIME

The suckers are planted soon after the first rain or light irrigation. The ideal time of planting of Aloe is alter rainy season. However, planting can be done almost throughout the year.

PRODUCTION OF PROPAGULES

The propagation of Aloe is done through root suckers or by rooted plantlets (side tillers). For obtaining planting materials, the healthy rooted side tillers (plantlets) are separated from the mother plants and used as planting materials/ plants.

PLANTING METHOD

The suckers are planted at a spacing of 60 x 60 cm. In rich soils and irrigated conditions a spacing of 90 x 90 cm is adopted. Two third portion of this planting material should be under the ground. Healthy side tillers/suckers of Aloe are planted closely at a distance of 50 x40cm or 40x30cm under low soil fertility and water stress condition.

IRRIGATION

Aloevera plants gel quickly established during the rainy season and after which it hardly requires any irrigation.However, one light irrigation is essential after planting. No irrigation is required during resting period. Proper irrigation has the greatest effects on the gel composition of Aloe Vera.

FERTILIZERS

For commercial cultivation of aloe, especially for extraction of gel, the crop has to be manured. In case of highly alkaline soils (more than 8.5) addition of gypsum is recommended for enhanced availability of major and micronutrients. The fertilizer requirement of the crop is low.Timely application of manures and fertilizers are helpful for high yield of the crop.

HARVESTING OF CROPS

Leaves can be harvested 18 months after planting of suckers. 4 cuttings are taken in a year. Matured leaves of Aloe Vera in the outer and lower periphery of the plant are harvested and then processed within a matter of hours to control biological contamination and degradation of leaves. Approximately 4 kg of Aloe Vera leaves are required to get 1 kg of PURE Aloe Vera gel.

First yield of baby plants after: 10 to 12 months under rained  & 8 to 9 months under irrigated condition.

YIELD OF ALOEVERA CROP

The mother plant will yield leaves up to 10 years, the economy will come up to 5-6 years. After 8-10 months small suckers will appear . Suckers of 6" to 10" high are carefully plucked and utilized to plant in new fields. Thus the initial expenditure spent for suckers are recovered.

Fresh leaf yield varies from 20 to 25 tons per acre/year after 18 months old crop.


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